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Terms and abbreviations

Morten Vesterager Madsen

Here you see all abbreviations

General OPV

  • OPV – Organic photovoltaichttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organic_solar_cell
  • PSC – Polymer solar cellhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polymer_solar_cell
  • BHJ – bulk heterojunctionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organic_solar_cell#Bulk_heterojunction_photovoltaic_cells – active layer comprised of mixed donor and acceptor material
  • HBL - Hole blocking layerhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/lc-polymersolarcells/lc-layer.html
  • EBL - Electron blocking layerhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/lc-polymersolarcells/lc-layer.html
  • HTL – Hole transport layerhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/lc-polymersolarcells/lc-layer.html
  • ETL – Electron transport layerhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/lc-polymersolarcells/lc-layer.html
  • FF - Fill factorhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-measure.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fill_factor_(solar_cell)#Efficiency
  • PCE - Power conversion efficiencyhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-measure.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_conversion_efficiency
  • VOC - Open circuit voltagehttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-measure.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open-circuit_voltage
  • ISC - Short circuit currenthttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-measure.html
  • MPP – Maximum power pointhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-measure.html
  • Rsh – shunt resistancehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shunt_(electrical)
  • Rs – Series resistance
  • IV curve – current voltage curvehttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-measure.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Current%E2%80%93voltage_characteristic
  • Eg – bandgaphttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/lc-materials/lc-conjugated.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Band_gap
  • HOMO – Highest occupied molecular orbitalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HOMO/LUMO
  • LUMO – Lowest unoccupied molecular orbitalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HOMO/LUMO
  • EQE - External quantum efficiencyhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-advanced-c/lc-ipce.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_efficiency
  • QE - Quantum efficiencyhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-advanced-c/lc-ipce.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_efficiency
  • IQE - Internal quantum efficiencyhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-advanced-c/lc-ipce.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_efficiency
  • e - Electron
  • h - Hole
  • PTSC - Polymer tandem solar cell
  • CiGS - Copper indium gallium selenide solar cellshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper_indium_gallium_selenide_solar_cells - second generation solar cell
  • CdTe - Cadmium telluride photovoltaicshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadmium_telluride_photovoltaics - second generation solar cell

Characterization

  • AFM - Atomic force microscopehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_force_microscopy
  • SEM – Scanning electron microscopehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scanning_electron_microscope
  • UV-vis - Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopyhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-advanced-c/lc-uvvis.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultraviolet%E2%80%93visible_spectroscopy
  • NMR - Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopyhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-advanced-c/lc-nmr.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_magnetic_resonance
  • LBIC - Light beam induced currenthttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-advanced-c/lc-lbic.html
  • SEC - Size exclusion chromatographyhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-advanced-c/lc-sec.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Size-exclusion_chromatography
  • IPCE - Incident photon-to-current efficiencyhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-advanced-c/lc-ipce.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_efficiency
  • CV - Cyclic voltammetryhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-advanced-c/lc-elec-mea.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclic_voltammetry
  • IR - Infrared spectroscopyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infrared_spectroscopy
  • XPS - X-ray photoelectron spectroscopyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X-ray_photoelectron_spectroscopy
  • TOF-SIMS - Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometryhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-advanced-c/lc-tof-sims.html

Materials

  • P3HT - Poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl)http://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/lc-materials/lc-important-materials.html - polymer used in the active layer
  • PEDOT:PSS - Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) Polystyrene sulfonatehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PEDOT:PSS - used as a transparent, conductive polymer
  • ZnO – Zinc oxidehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zinc_oxide#Electrical_properties – transparent conductive oxide
  • ITO - Indium tin oxidehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indium_tin_oxide – transparent conductive oxide
  • Flextrode – substrate made and used by DTU Energy Conversion and storage as an ITO replacementhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.org/flextrode
  • C60 - Buckminsterfullerenehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckminsterfullerene
  • PCBM - Phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl esterhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenyl-C61-butyric_acid_methyl_ester
  • PET – Polyethylene terephthalatehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyethylene_terephthalate - Used as polymer carrier foil
  • Donor unit - low band gap polymers are typically consisting of donor and acceptor units
  • Acceptor unit - low band gap polymers are typically consisting of donor and acceptor units
  • Donor material - Material used in the BHJ layer e.g. P3HT
  • Acceptor material - Material used in the BHJ layer e.g. PCBM
  • PT - Polythiophenehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polythiophene - Polymer used in the active layer
  • Mn - Number average molecular weighthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molar_mass_distribution
  • MW - Weight average molecular weighthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molar_mass_distribution
  • DARP - Direct arylation polymerization
  • P3MOCT - Poly[3-(2-methyl-2-hexyl)-oxycarbonylbithiophene] - Polymer used in the active layer
  • V2O5 - Vanadium(V) oxidehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanadium(V)_oxide - Used as a hole transport layer

Degradation and stability

  • ISOS – International summit on organic photovoltaic stabilityhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-isos.html
  • R.H. - Relative humidityhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relative_humidity
  • ISOS-D - ISOS-Darkhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-isos.html
  • ISOS-O - ISOS-Outdoorhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-isos.html
  • ISOS-L - ISOS-Lighthttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-isos.html
  • ISOS-T - ISOS-Thermalhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-isos.html
  • ISOS-LT - ISOS-Light thermalhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/characterization/lc-isos.html

Fabrication

  • R2R - Roll to roll

Life cycle analysis

  • LCA - Life cycle analysishttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/lc-deployment/lc-lca.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life-cycle_assessment
  • EPBT - Energy pay back timehttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/lc-deployment/lc-lca.html - how long it takes the solar cell to pay back the energy which was put into the production of it.
  • ERF - Energy return factorhttp://plasticphotovoltaics.com/lc/lc-deployment/lc-lca.html - How many times the energy put into production can be paid back.

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